The Finest NGC Objects Observing Program

The New General Catalog (NGC) contains 7,840 entries and was originally published by J.L.E. Dreyer in 1888. This observing program is based on a list of 110 objects not included in the Messier catalog. This program is an excellent project for those who have finished the Messier list and are looking for a new challenge. The list is sorted by season and constellation.
Included in this program are: 12 open clusters, 2 globular clusters, 15 diffuse nebulae, 24 planetary nebulae and 57 galaxies (2 elliptical, 2 irregular and 53 spirals).

Download NGC Finest Observation Form

Credit: List courtesy Alan Dyer and the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, and published annually in the RASC Observer's Handbook. Used with permission. Visit the RASC Publications page.

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Autumn


# NGC CON TYPE RA DEC V MAG SIZE COMMENTS
1 7009 Aqr PN 21:04.2 -11:02 8.3 25" Saturn Nebula; small bright oval 2 7293 Aqr PN 22:29.6 -20:48 6.5 12'50" Helix Nebula; large, diffuse; use filter 3 7331 Peg G-Sb 22:37.1 +34:25 9.5 10.7x4.0 large, bright spiral galaxy 4 7635 Cas EN 23:20.7 +61:12 - 15x8 Bubble Neb.; very faint; SW of M52 5 7789 Cas OC 23:57.0 +56:44 6.7 16 300; faint but very rich cluster 6 185 Cas G-E0 00:39.0 +48:20 11.7 2x2 companion to M31; paired with NGC 147 7 281 Cas EN 00:52.8 +56:36 - 35x30 large faint nebulosity near eta Cas 8 457 Cas OC 01:19.1 +58:20 6.4 13 80; rich; one of the best Cas clusters 9 663 Cas OC 01:46.0 +61:15 7.1 16 80; look for NGC's 654 and 659 nearby 10 I 289 Cas PN 03:10.3 +61:19 12.3 34" dim oval smudge; use nebula filter 11 7662 And PN 23:25.9 +42:33 9.2 20" Blue Snowball; annular at high power 12 891 And G-Sb 02:22.6 +42:21 10 13.5x2.8 faint, classic edge-on with dust lane 13 253 Scl G-Scp 00:47.6 -25:17 7.1 25.1x7.4 very large and bright but at low altitude 14 772 Ari G-Sb 01:59.3 +19:01 10.3 7.1x4.5 diffuse spiral galaxy 15 246 Cet PN 00:47.0 -11:53 8.0 3'45" faint (closer to 11 m); dark mottling 16 936 Cet G-SBa 02:27.6 -01:09 10.1 5.2x4.4 near M77; NGC 941 in the same field 17 869/84 Per OC 02:20.0 +57:08 ~4.4 30/30 Double Cluster; 350; use low mag. 18 1023 Per G-E7p 02:40.4 +39:04 9.5 8.7x4.3 bright lens-shaped galaxy near M34 19 1491 Per EN 04:03.4 +51:19 - 3.0x3.0 small fairly faint emission nebula 20 1501 Cam PN 04:07.0 +60:55 12.0 52" faint; dark center; look for NGC 1502 21 1232 Eri G-Sc 03:09.8 -20:35 9.9 7.8x6.9 face-on spiral; look for NGC 1300 nearby 22 1535 Eri PN 04:14.2 -12:44 10.4 18" bright planetary with blue-grey disk

Winter


# NGC CON TYPE RA DEC V MAG SIZE COMMENTS
23 1514 Tau PN 04:09.2 +30:47 10.8 1'54" faint glow around 9.4 mag central star 24 1931 Aur E/RN 05:31.4 +34:15 3.0x3.0 haze surrounding 4 close stars 25 1788 Ori RN 05:06.9 -03:21 8.0x5.0 fairly bright but diffuse reflection nebula 26 1973+ Ori E/RN 05:35.1 -04:44 40x25 near M42 and M43; often neglected 27 2022 Ori PN 05:42.1 +09:05 12.4 18" small, faint & distinct with annular form 28 2024 Ori EN 05:40.7 -02:27 30x30 bright but masked by glow from Zeta Ori 29 2194 Ori OC 06:13.8 +12:48 8.5 10 80, fairly rich; look for 2169 nearby 30 2371/2 Gem PN 07:25.6 +29:29 13.0 55" faint double-lobed planetary; use filter 31 2392 Gem PN 07:29.2 +20:55 8.3 13" Clown Face or Eskimo Nebula 32 2237+ Mon EN 06:32.3 +05:03 80x60 Rosette Neb.; very large; use neb. filter 33 2261 Mon E/RN 06:39.2 +08:44 var 2x1 Hubble's Variable Nebula; comet-shaped 34 2359 CMa EN 07:18.6 -13:12 8.0x6.0 bright; look for NGC 2360 & 2362 nearby 35 2440 Pup PN 07:41.9 -18:13 10.3 14" almost starlike; irregular at high power 36 2539 Pup OC 08:10.7 -12:50 6.5 22 50; rich cluster; near M46 and M47 37 2403 Cam G-Sc 07:36.9 +65:36 8.4 17.8x11.0 very large & bright; visible in binocs 38 2655 Cam G-Sa 08:55.6 +78:13 10.1 5.1x4.4 bright ellipse with starlike nucleus

Spring


# NGC CON TYPE RA DEC V MAG SIZE COMMENTS
39 2683 Lyn G-Sb 08:52.7 +33:25 9.7 9.3x2.5 nearly edge-on spiral; very bright 40 2841 UMa G-Sb 09:22.0 +50:58 9.3 8.1x3.8 classic elongated spiral; very bright 41 3079 UMa G-Sb 10:02.2 +55:41 10.6 7.6x1.7 edge-on spiral; NGC 2950 nearby 42 3184 UMa G-Sc 10:18.3 +41:25 9.7 6.9x6.8 large, diffuse face-on spiral 43 3877 UMa G-Sb 11:46.1 +47:30 10.9 5.4x1.5 edge-on; same field as chi UMa 44 3941 UMa G-E3 11:52.9 +36:59 9.8 3.8x2.5 small bright elliptical 45 4026 UMa G-S0 11:59.4 +50:58 10.7 5.1x1.4 lense-shaped edge-on near gamma UMa 46 4088 UMa G-Sc 12:05.6 +50:33 10.5 5.8x2.5 nearly edge-on; NGC 4085 in same field 47 4157 UMa G-Sb 12:11.1 +50:29 11.9 6.9x1.7 a thin sliver; NGCs 4026 & 4088 nearby 48 4605 UMa G-SBcp 12:40.0 +61:37 9.6 5.5x2.3 bright distinct edge-on spiral 49 3115 Sex G-E6 10:05.2 -07:43 9.2 8.3x3.2 Spindle Galaxy; bright and elongated 50 3242 Hya PN 10:24.8 -18:38 8.6 16" Ghost of Jupiter; small but bright 51 3003 LMi G-Sc 09:48.6 +33:25 11.7 5.9x1.7 faint elongated streak 52 3344 LMi G-Sc 10:43.5 +24:55 9.9 6.9x6.5 diffuse face-on spiral 53 3432 LMi G-SBm 10:52.5 +36:37 11.3 6.2x1.5 nearly edge-on; faint flat streak 54 2903 Leo G-Sb 09:32.2 +21:30 8.9 12.6x6.6 verly large, bright elongated spiral 55 3384 Leo G-E7 10:48.3 +12:38 9.9 5.9x2.6 same field as M105 and NGC 3389 56 3521 Leo G-Sb 11:05.8 -00:02 8.7 9.5x5.0 very large, bright spiral 57 3607 Leo G-E1 11:16.9 +18:03 10.0 3.7x3.2 NGCs 3605 & 3608 in same field 58 3628 Leo G-Sb 11:20.3 +13:36 9.5 14.8x3.6 large edge-on; same field as M65 and M66 59 4111 CVn G-S0 12:07.1 +43:04 10.8 4.8x1.1 bright lens-shaped edge-on spiral 60 4214 CVn G-Irr 12:15.6 +36:20 9.7 7.9x6.3 large irregular galaxy 61 4244 CVn G-S 12:17.5 +37:49 10.2 16.2x2.5 large distinct edge-on spiral 62 4449 CVn G-Irr 12:28.2 +44:06 9.4 5.1x3.7 bright rectangular shape 63 4490 CVn G-Sc 12:30.6 +41:38 9.8 5.9x3.1 bright spiral; 4485 (Cocoon gal.) in field 64 4631 CVn G-Sc 12:42.1 +32:32 9.3 15.1x3.3 large edge-on; look for companion 4627 65 4656/7 CVn G-Sc 12:44.0 +32:10 10.4 13.8x3.3 in field with 4631; NE end curves up 66 5005 CVn G-Sb 13:10.9 +37:03 9.8 5.4x2.7 bright elongated spiral near alpha CVn 67 5033 CVn G-Sb 13:13.4 +36:36 10.1 10.5x5.6 large bright spiral near NGC 5005 68 4274 Com G-Sb 12:19.8 +29:37 10.4 6.9x2.8 NGCs 4278/83/86 in same field 69 4414 Com G-Sc 12:26.4 +31:13 10.2 3.6x2.2 bright spiral with starlike nucleus 70 4494 Com G-E1 12:31.4 +25:47 9.8 4.8x3.8 small bright elliptical 71 4559 Com G-Sc 12:36.0 +27:58 9.8 10.5x4.9 large spiral with coarse structure 72 4565 Com G-Sb 12:36.3 +25:59 9.6 16.2x2.8 superb edge-on spiral with dust lane 73 4725 Com G-Sb 12:50.4 +25:30 9.2 11.0x7.9 very bright, large spiral 74 4038/9 Crv G-Sc 12:01.9 -18:52 10.7 ~3x2 `Antennae' or `Rattail' interacting galaxies 75 4361 Crv PN 12:24.5 -18:48 10.3 45" small and bright; with 13-mag central star 76 4216 Vir G-Sb 12:15.9 +13:09 9.9 8.3x2.2 nearly edge-on; with NGCs 4206 & 4222 77 4388 Vir G-Sb 12:25.8 +12:40 11.0 5.1x1.4 with M84 and M86 in Markarian's Chain 78 4438 Vir G-Sap 12:27.8 +13:01 10.1 9.3x3.9 paired with NGC 4435 to form the "Eyes" 79 4517 Vir G-Sc 12:32.8 +00:07 10.5 10.2x1.9 faint edge-on spiral 80 4526 Vir G-E7 12:34.0 +07:42 9.6 7.6x2.3 between two 7-mag stars; the "Lost Galaxy" 81 4535 Vir G-Sc 12:34.3 +08:12 9.8 6.8x5.0 near M49 and 3/4 deg N of NGC 4526 82 4567/8 Vir G-Sc 12:36.5 +11:15 ~11 4.6x2.1 "Siamese Twins" interacting galaxies 83 4699 Vir G-Sa 12:49.0 -08:40 9.6 3.5x2.7 small & bright; look for NGC 4697 3 deg N 84 4762 Vir G-SB0 12:52.9 +11:14 10.2 8.7x1.6 flattest galaxy known; 4754 in same field 85 5746 Vir G-Sb 14:44.9 +01:57 10.6 7.9x1.7 fine edge-on near 109 Virginis 86 5466 Boo GC 14:05.5 +28:32 9.1 11.0 loose class XII; like rich open cl.; faint 87 5907 Dra G-Sb 15:15.9 +56:19 10.4 12.3x1.8 fine edge-on with dust lane; near 5866 88 6503 Dra G-Sb 17:49.4 +70:09 10.2 6.2x2.3 bright elongated spiral 89 6543 Dra PN 17:58.6 +66:38 8.8 18" Cat's Eye Nebula; with 11 mag central star

Summer


# NGC CON TYPE RA DEC V MAG SIZE COMMENTS
90 6210 Her PN 16:44.5 +23:49 9.3 14" very starlike blue planetary 91 6369 Oph PN 17:29.3 -23:46 10.4 30" Little Ghost; look for NGC 6309 nearby 92 6572 Oph PN 18:12.1 +06:51 9.0 8" tiny bright blue oval 93 6633 Oph OC 18:27.7 +06:34 4.6 27 sparse wide field cluster; IC 4756 nearby 94 6712 Sct GC 18:53.1 -08:42 8.2 7.2 small globular; look for IC 1295 in field 95 6781 Aql PN 19:18.4 +06:33 11.8 1'49" pale version of M97 96 6819 Cyg OC 19:41.3 +40:11 7.3 5 150; faint but rich cluster in Milky Way 97 6826 Cyg PN 19:44.8 +50:31 9.8 30" Blinking Planetary; 10.4-mag central star 98 6888 Cyg SNR? 20:12.0 +38:21 20x10 Crescent Nebula; faint; use nebula filter 99a 6960 Cyg SNR 20:45.7 +30:43 70x6 Veil Nebula: west half; use filter 99b 6992/5 Cyg SNR 20:56.4 +31:43 78x8 Veil Nebula: east half; use filter 100 7000 Cyg EN 20:58.8 +44:20 120x100 North America N; use filter & low mag. 101 7027 Cyg PN? 21:07.1 +42:14 10.4 15" unusual protoplanetary nebula 102 6445 Sgr PN 17:49.2 -20:01 11.8 34" small, bright and annular; near M23 103 6520 Sgr OC 18:03.4 -27:54 8.1 6 60; small; dark neb. B86 in same field 104 6818 Sgr PN 19:44.0 -14:09 9.9 17" Little Gem; annular; NGC 6822 S 105 6802 Vul OC 19:30.6 +20:16 8.8 3.2 at east end of Brocchi's cluster Cr 399 106 6940 Vul OC 20:34.6 +28:18 6.3 31 60; fairly rich cluster in Milky Way 107 6939 Cep OC 20:31.4 +60:38 7.8 8 80; very rich; 108 6946 Cep G-Sc 20:34.8 +60:09 8.9 11.0x9.8 faint, diffuse face-on spiral near 6939 109 7129 Cep RN 21:44.4 +66:10 8x7 faint reflection neb. around several stars 110 40 Cep PN 00:13.0 +72:32 10.2 37" unusual red planetary; 11.6 mag central star

Key:

# = Observing Program list number
NGC = NGC Catalog number
CON = Constellation
TYPE = Object type
RA, DEC = Coordinates for epoch J2000.0
V MAG = Visual magnitude
SIZE = Apparent dimension (arc minutes unless indicated as arc seconds)
COMMENTS = Descriptive remarks


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